Those who pull the rickshaw-Van or push-carts, earn their livelihood through physical labour. They have to take a lot of pains through their physical labour all day long. Their physical labour makes our communication and transportation easy. So, we should be respectful to them.
Golden crops are grown because of the hard physical labour of those who make agricultural work even in the face of hot sun, rain, storm etc. People of the whole country live on those crops. They deserve our respect.
But physical labour does not mean only to do heavy work; actually it means
kind of manual work, for example, walking in the veranda; But we do not take it into account as it does not take much labour. We also do many kinds of work in our houses also such as – washing dishes, clothes, cleaning houses etc.
These works are also the examples of physical labour. Those who have become famous give much value to the physical labour. Physical labour is encouraged in every religion too. Physical labour keeps us safe from many kinds of physical problems. It increases the resistance power of our body also.
Activity Discuss with your classmate sitting next to you and find out what sort of physical work you do in the whole day.
Lesson 13-25: Physical labour and its practice Hard labour and perseverance are needed for achieving success. Success doesn’t come automatically. Success can be achieved only when intelligence and hard work are integrated through honesty. Today we shall listen to the story of such a man who has made the proper integration of honesty and hard labour in his life. Orphan Roton is now the owner of a small property through his hard labour. Although his day starts with the delivery of newspapers, at night he goes to bed after taking care of the cows of his farm. In this way, Roton has gradually made progress in life. The hawker Ratan wants to succeed more through hard work. When Roton was six years old, his father Anath Chandra Sarker died. Along with her son, Roton’s mother took shelter in the house of Rupu Majumder of Jonaidanga village. After that, in order to bring up her children Shandharani started working as maid in others houses. When it was not enough to run their livelihood, she sent Roton to work in the stalls of the local newspaper only for food.
In 1989 while selling newspapers, Roton had a desire that he himself would run his own business. In 1992 he left his job and started bringing The Daily Chandni Bazar” and sold them at Ulipur Bazar. He started his journey from here and came to meet the people of different profession including journalists. In 1995-96, he got the agency of a newspaper first. Then he got agency of some newspapers one after another.
The polite and well-mannered Roton Sarker became very popular to all. He bought a motorbike to deliver the newspapers. Every dawn he rode his bike to Kurigram and got newspapers from there and then distributed them among eight hawkers. Then with his bike he used to deliver the papers to the houses of the readers. He works in the poultry farm by the midday. Again in the afternoon he collected the money he got by selling the newspapers and then returned home at 10 p.m. and again took care of the poultry and the farm. In this way his days passed through work. Every day he works 15-16 hours on an average. Roton tells that in this way he has turned his painful life into a happy one. Roton also expressed that it was a great sorrow for him as he couldn’t study. In order to overcome this pain he helped his wife Sumita Rani Sarker pass H.S.C exam. Roton mentioned that he had a desire to educate his two daughters Ratri (5 years old) and and Riti (3 years old) to higher level. His future plan is to do something better and great. And with this aim in mind he has set a cattle farm. They did all the works themselves routinely instead of employing others. Everyday 30-35 litres of milk is collected from three cows. Financial crisis is the main obstacle to his future plan. However, he is determined to overcome this obstacle too. (source: internet) Let us all practice the physical labour today. Today we will clean our classroom and decorate it nicely. Group work
Activity 1: Cleaning the classroom
Let us make 4 teams. Team 1 will clean the bench, chair and table. Team 2 will clean the floor and ceiling of the classroom. Team 3 will clean the blackboard and wall of the classroom. Team 4 will clean the doors and windows of the classroom. Activity 2 : Classroom Decoration Let us all decorate the classroom *These activities are to be done within definite time schedule (total 13 class periods) The teacher will observe the activities of the students and will ensure the active participation of all the students. l Intellectual work We not only do physical labours but also do some intellectual labours regularly. Suppose, any of your friends have asked you a riddle. You will think well and give your answer. The thinking you are doing is a kind of mental labour. You have used your intellect to answer the riddle; thus you have done intellectual labour.
A patient goes to a doctor. The doctor gives him medicine after listening to all problems. Think a bit – how doctor gives him medicine? First of all, the doctor listens to all the problems of the patient, and identifies the symptoms of diseases and thus
diagnoses the diseases. After that he man has given some medicine for that
disease. In this whole process the doctor has not done any physical labour but has used only his intellect. So the labour the doctor gives is a kind of intellectual labour. Everyday you learn your lessons. To learn these lessons you need to employ your wit. So learning lessons regularly, keeping them in mind and using them in the future are the examples of intellectual labour. What can we guess from the above Example? The activities we complete by using our intellect are called Intellectual labour. So, any work we do by using our thoughts, memory and knowledge is Intellectual labour. Intellectual labour is mental labour. When we think about anything or when we think over something, we face any problem, we find out away to come out, all these are intellectual labour. Everyday we do different kinds of work. These works include intellectual labour as well as physical labour. It would not have been possible to complete many work properly without doing the physical and mental labour together. In our daily life we do some work or observe some work being done. Can we say which of them are mental labour and which are not? Let’s try.
Put a tick (v) beside the activities which need much intellectual labour and discuss with your friends on why they are the examples of intellectual work.
Name of the activity
Tick Mark (3)
Sewing cloth by the tailor
Writing books by the author In the classroom writing a chapter on any topic through free thinking
Delivering the letters by postman
Diseases diagnosed by the doctor
Solving mathematical problems by the teacher.
Washing the utensils
Activity other than the above mentioned activities make a list of some more activities that need mental labour. Intellectual Labour and Practice Let’s think -where is the difference between the work of a man and a machine? Man thinks a lot when he works, but the machine cannot do it. Machine only goes on working. Man can think, dream and can make their dream come true. Man saw birds flying and desired to fly. So man has made aeroplane using their physical and intellectual labour.
Man has made lots of things only through his intellectual labour. This has made our life comfortable. If we hadn’t used our intelligence, human civilization could not have improved. How to make a house would have remained unknown to us. We would have been living in the caves. We would not have got electricity, cell phone, television, nor even bicycle if the inventors had not used their talent. We would not have learnt how to use wheel. In fact, without intellectual labour our daily life is useless. But it should be kept in mind that intellectual labour shouldn’t be used for human destruction, for example – making deadly weapons. Activity
Make a list of activities you do every day and identify which of them are intellectual labour. Take the help of your class teacher

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